Environmental Defense Fund

The Environmental Defense Fund, founded in 1967 in New York, is a very large and active global environmental not for profit group that current has 700,000 members.  Since the 1960s and moving forward the EDF has taken on various green campaigns including legislation against the use of chemicals like DDT, clean air and water acts, pollution reduction, and global warming initiatives.[1] The EDF probably would not be considered by most an extremist environmental group and even according their own site they “believe economic prosperity and environmental stewardship go hand in hand.” [2] They tend to seek collaborative, “market-based” solutions to environmental issues and even have corporate partnerships with companies like FedEx and McDonalds.

However, looking at the items below, the language like “taking offenders to court” is a much more confrontational than what you see on their website now. It seems like the EDF must have gradually moved away from some of its more radical/militant approaches and rhetoric. The EDF is one of many groups in the collection that probably would not be considered very extreme now, but at the time it was collected would be categorized by Gordon Hall as “dissenting” or “groups that were not yet extremist, but might at some point turn in that direction.”

Environmental Defense Fund (1984 Front)

Environmental Defense Fund (1984 Front)

Environmental Defense Fund (1984 Back)

Environmental Defense Fund (1984 Back)

Environmental Defense Fund (1971 Front)

Environmental Defense Fund (1971 Front)

Environmental Defense Fund (1971 Back)

Environmental Defense Fund (1971 Back)

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_Defense_Fund

[2] http://www.edf.org/about

Posted in Collection Highlights | No Comments »

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee

The Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (later The National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee) was started in 1951 in response to the McCarran Act or the “Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950.” The mission of the organization was to defend the rights of “free speech, religion, travel, and assembly.” [1] The McCarran Act was one of the driving forces behind the “Red Scare” of the 1950s and the rise of McCarthyism. The group was modeled as a more vigorous version of the American Civil Liberties Union and participated directly in the defense of those charged as communists and subversives under the McCarran Act.[1] Throughout the 1950s the NECLC was accused of being a communist front organization because the group was founded and run by people like its chairman Corliss Lamont who were not members of  the Communist Party USA but were known as fellow travelers. [3] Lamont was also previously the director of the ACLU.[4]

The NECLC merged with the Center for Constitution Rights in 1998 but had previously taken cases involving the draft and anti-war protests, child welfare and immigration.[1] They also represented James Peck, a Freedom Rider beaten by the KKK in 1961 who sued the FBI in 1976 for having knowledge of his attack and not acting. The NECLC was run by Edith Tiger from 1968 until 1998.

I have included a reprinting of the Bill of Rights and a few pages from one of their publications about the McCarran Act (and a cartoon that I do not understand at all).

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee Reprint Bill of Rights

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee Reprint Bill of Rights

 

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (March 1963  Cover)

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (March 1963 Cover)

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (March 1963 Inside)

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (March 1963 Inside)

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (March 1963  Back Cover)

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (March 1963 Back Cover)

 

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Emergency_Civil_Liberties_Committee

[2] http://keywiki.org/National_Emergency_Civil_Liberties_Committee

[3] http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/printgroupProfile.asp?grpid=7022

[4] http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=1860Communist%20Party%20USA

Posted in Collection Highlights | No Comments »

S.O.S.!!!

S.O.S.!!!, U.S.A., Ship of State was a publication created by Jozef Mlot-Mroz, a Polish immigrant to the United States. Based out of Salem, Massachusetts, Mlot-Mroz was a very active anti-communist and anti-Semetic extremist. Mlot-Mroz activism was mostly based around the concept that communism was created by Jews to destroy Christianity. Mlot-Mroz was often seen at protests in and around the Boston area[1] and was known for his provocative slogans like “Fight and Destroy Jewish Zionist Conspiracy Today” or burning Israeli flags.[2]  Mlot-Mroz was also heavily involved in other groups such as  The Anti-Communist Confederation of Polish Freedom Fighters in United States of America and The New England Captive Nations Committee.[3]

S.O.S.!!! (March 1969)

S.O.S.!!! (March 1969)

S.O.S.!!!  Inside (March 1969)

S.O.S.!!! Inside (March 1969)

S.O.S.!!!  Back Cover (March 1969)

S.O.S.!!! Back Cover (March 1969)

[1] http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1989/4/18/promise-of-a-positive-left-pbabs/

[2] http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/forgive-us-our-trespasses

[3] http://www.commentarymagazine.com/article/nazi-war-criminals/

Posted in Collection Highlights | No Comments »

Dr. Spock Demonstration

Dr. Benjamin Spock a pediatrician famous for writing the extremely popular book “Baby and Child Care” was born in 1903 and passed away in 1998. [1]  Dr. Spock was also a left wing political activist who even running for president on the People’s Party ticket. [2] In particular Spock became well known as an anti-Vietnam War activist.

In 1968 Dr. Spock was convicted of “conspiring to counsel evasion of the draft” along with four other people from Boston. [3] Throughout 1967 and 1968 Dr. Spock was involved in various protests to the Vietnam War which culminated in an October 16, 1967 event in which a few hundred people burned their draft cards. In January of 1968 Dr. Spock was indicted and in July he was sentenced to federal prison.[4] Later, the two-year sentence was appealed and overturned before he served any time. [5]

The photos below are from a protest in Post Office Square in Boston in  1968 in response to Dr. Spock being indicted.

Dr. Spock Demonstration Arlington Street Church Boston, MA (June 24,  1968)

Dr. Spock Demonstration Post Office Square Boston, MA (1968)

Dr. Spock Demonstration Arlington Street Church Boston, MA (June 24,  1968)

Dr. Spock Demonstration Post Office Square Boston, MA (1968)

Dr. Spock Demonstration Arlington Street Church Boston, MA (June 24,  1968)

Dr. Spock Demonstration Arlington Street Church Boston, MA (1968)

 

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Spock

[2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Spock

[3] http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/05/17/specials/spock-guilty.html

[4] http://www.massmoments.org/moment.cfm?mid=201

[5] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Spock

 

Posted in Collection Highlights | No Comments »

Key Records

Key Records was a conservative record label based out of Los Angeles, California, run by a man named Vick Knight that existed in the 1950s and 1960s. [1] Knight who was born in 1908 and died in 1984 was a songwriter, composers, and record producer among other things although very little information is available about him online. [2] Many of Key Records releases were recordings of speeches by right wing political figures like Robert Welch and Ronald Reagan, but they also released original songs sung by artists such as Wini Beatty such as “Folks Songs For Taxpayers.” Common themes for Key Records recordings include: libertarianism,  small government, anti-communism, anti-liberalism, anti-income tax, and free market capitalism. Although there are numerous catalogs and flyers for Key Records as seen below, there seem to be no actual audio recordings in the Hall Hoag collection. However there are some recordings online. I have included the cover of a catalog from 1966 and a 1962 letter from Vick Knight to Peter Flynn who apparently worked at the WTAG radio station in Massachusetts. In the letter Knight states the purpose of the label to the “gradual but increasingly apparent loss of our sovereignty as a nation.”

Key Records Catalog (1966)

Key Records Catalog (1966)

Vick Knight Letter (1962)

Vick Knight Letter (1962)

[1] http://rateyourmusic.com/label/key_records_f1

[2] http://blog.wfmu.org/freeform/2012/12/walter-brennans-hes-your-uncle-not-your-dad-part-two-and-vick-knight-and-the-key-records-story.html

 

Posted in Collection Highlights | No Comments »

« Older Entries