Further Reading

Roger Williams

Paxson, Christina. “2013 Convocation Remarks: “A Lively Experiment”.” Office of the President. September 3, 2013. Accessed May 09, 2017. https://www.brown.edu/about/administration/president/statements/20130903-convocation.

Rhode Island Foundation. “Who was Roger Williams? .” Roger Williams Initiative. Accessed May 08, 2017. http://www.findingrogerwilliams.com/significance.

Hard Scrabble & Snow Town

Brown, William J. The life of William J. Brown, of Providence, R.I.: with personal recollections of incidents in Rhode Island. United States: General Books, 2010.

Hardscrabble, or Miss Philises Bobalition. Broadside 1824. (Harris Broadsides, Brown Digital Repository, Brown University Library)

“Hard Scrabble – Snow Town Transportation Enhancement and Historic Preservation Project.” William F. Bundy to Karen Smith, Rhode Island Division of Planning. January 2, 2016. In Rhode Island Division of Planning. 2017. Accessed April 7, 2017. http://www.planning.ri.gov/planning-areas/transportation/tip-proposals.php.

Sagrans, Erica. “Memorializing the 1824 Hardscrabble race riot takes a long route.” The Boston Phoenix, May 31, 2006. Accessed May 8, 2017.

Urban Renewal

Ammon, Francesca Russello. Bulldozer: demolition and clearance of the postwar landscape. New Haven (Conn.): Yale University Press, 2016.

Jacobs, Jane, and Jason Epstein. The death and life of great American cities. New York: Modern Library, 2011.

Klemesrud, Judy. “Her Mission Is Preserving Providence.” The New York Times, May 2, 1985. Accessed May 8, 2017. http://www.nytimes.com/1985/05/02/garden/her-mission-is-preserving-providence.html.


Doss, Erika. Memorial mania: public feeling in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Full Bibliography